Population Health

Advanced Specialised#



Discuss national public health priorities, targets and campaigns and discuss their relevance, impact and application to local rural and remote communities, including:

  • cardiovascular disease
  • cancer
  • mental health
  • injury
  • diabetes
  • asthma
  • immunisation
  • drug and alcohol


Illustrate an understanding of epidemiology, including:

  • study design to a research situation
  • ability to read and understand epidemiological publications critically
  • fundamental understanding of the principles of epidemiology, and
  • sound understanding of the pros and cons of the main study designs


Discuss barriers to health care and services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’s people in the community, such as:

  • difficulty accessing services
  • culturally inappropriate health services, policies and procedures
  • health impact of dispossession, and
  • administrative issues such as entitlement cards and transport policies.


Describe the links between historic and social factors and the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’s populations including:

  • the psychological impact of colonisation, disempowerment, removal from family and country, institutionalisation, marginalisation and discrimination
  • health consequences of poverty, inadequate education, lack of economic opportunity, poor food access and childhood nutrition, poor housing availability and maintenance, and inadequate community infrastructure
  • the complex background and impact of issues such as substance misuse, domestic violence, child abuse and neglect
  • the importance and health impact of family relationships, social support, access to transport, and a sense of control over one’s life.


Describe specific and differing profile of over-represented conditions among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and demonstrate an understanding of how population health strategies can be used to address these issues.


Detail the characteristics of rural and remote settings and their impact on population health, including:

  • types of conditions likely to be encountered
  • impact of rural and remote attitudes and the historical events leading to these attitudes
  • impact of current and previous health professionals
  • distance
  • limited resource availability
  • rural/remote environmental factors
  • unique agricultural health and medical issues impacting upon workers and their families, and
  • unique mining health issues in rural and remote areas


Discuss population health principles and practice relating to infection control in primary, secondary and tertiary care settings, including:

  • personal hygiene
  • protective equipment
  • management of sharps
  • sterilisation procedures, and
  • hazardous waste disposal.


Explain legislation regarding confidentiality, consent and disease notification, including:

  • the principles of public health acts
  • privacy legislation
  • tobacco and liquor legislation.


Discuss population health principles in crisis situations, such as:

  • climate variation and change impacting upon rural industry and families
  • natural disaster management
  • major trauma planning and response, and
  • pandemic or epidemic response.



Design and implement evidence-based prevention, early detection and health maintenance activities into practice at a systems level, including:

  • screening and early detection
  • health checks
  • preventive measures
  • patient education and counselling
  • brief interventions
  • chronic disease management based on national and state strategies
  • recall and reminder systems
  • developing risk factor and disease registers
  • utilising available web-based registers


Identify and critically appraise resources of public health information, including:

  • conducting effective literature reviews
  • identifying a range of appropriate sources including websites, journals, databases, clinical practice guidelines, government departments and other agencies
  • using data to describe the health of populations
  • critically appraising evidence
  • using evidence-based management guidelines to inform clinical decisions.


Take a leadership role in population health research, including:

  • appraising research proposals
  • building partnerships
  • ensuring research priorities are aligned with community needs
  • ensuring appropriate trial design
  • ensuring compliance with legislative and ethical requirements


Coordinate development and implementation of extended population health initiatives, including;

  • screening programs
  • immunisation
  • outbreak management, including outbreaks in health care facilities
  • chronic disease management
  • health promotion events or programs
  • mental health promotion
  • disease prevention
  • injury prevention


Conduct a community health status assessment, including:

  • monitoring of health trends
  • disease burden
  • identifying disease and injury patterns
  • assessing environmental, occupational, behavioural, social and economic factors


Design and implement a community health strategy in response to community need, including;

  • identifying the health issue
  • identifying current services
  • identifying health professional, patient and stakeholder needs
  • identifying areas for collaboration


Complete a funding application for and implement socially, culturally and economically appropriate local population health programs, eg:

  • heath promotion and community development
  • screening and early detection
  • disease, mental illness and injury prevention
  • holistic care and integrated models of care.


Conduct a population health program evaluation, including:

  • negotiating with key stakeholders and consumers
  • selecting appropriate evaluation methods
  • using formative, process, outcome and impact evaluation methods
  • using quantitative and qualitative techniques, such as clinical audits and surveys
  • collecting and analysing health outcome and quality of care data
  • communicating findings meaningfully to a range of audiences, including official reports to funding bodies and presentations to communities and other stakeholders


Act as a medical advocate in the design, implementation and evaluation of interventions that address determinants of population health, including:

  • understanding the links between social and economic factors and health outcomes in the local community
  • communicating these links to various audiences, as appropriate
  • being aware of the political context in which they are working
  • working with government agencies and making submissions as appropriate
  • working with local community leaders and different cultural groups
  • being aware of local community history, sensitivities and priorities
  • being multi-skilled and flexible








Last updated on by acrrmbot